‘Same shape, two choices… (or maybe not).

In the city of Ur, Mesopotamia, about 1,000 years before Khufu’s pyramid was built (in another words, long, long ago), a pot maker got tired of moving the clay around and around on his table, in order to make some pots by producing the forms with his hands. So at some point, he decided to make a round table with an axle in the center, to spin the clay easily and in that manner facilitate his job. That was one of the earliest manifestations of the wheel in human history. Some few hundred years later, the wheel would appear in earlier Sumerian chariots and wagons made up of four wheels and two axles.

The advances in technology would force the Egyptians to acquire the wheel, transforming at the same time a part of their culture. Around 3,600 years ago, the Hyksos invaders from the Middle East, settled on the Nile delta, imposing their rule by military force. One of their most important advances over the Egyptians was the chariot, together with other warfare improvements, like better arrowheads, shields, daggers, and helmets. Most of Egypt had to pay taxes to the Hyksos, which meant they had less money to spend on their own affairs, like constructing mausoleums and that really pushed them over the edge. Adopting the invention of the wheel in the subsequent wars would prove essential for the Egyptians in their advance from the Upper to Lower Egypt.

In our societies the rapid development in technology limits the concept of immortality. When most of our surroundings have a great rate of transformation, people usually don’t think of something lasting for thousands of years, never mind an eternity. For the Egyptians the concept of immortality didn’t included morals, which were only part of earthly matters. Their religion took care of establishing strict paths of achieving perpetual and spiritual existence, without the necessity of distinguishing right from wrong in relations between individuals.
With the same circular shape, the Sun symbolized steadiness, immortality, order, and divinity; the wheel represented transformation, complexity, and human encounters. For a while, Egypt tried to work with both forms for understanding the Universe, but with the passing of every generation, the old distanced itself from the new, signaling the end of an era’